Delegating effectively can lift the performance of both you and your company. Strong delegation skills are a vital tool, offering benefits for both the person who delegates and the team member delegated to. However, not all delegation is effective. Here are the common traps and how to avoid them.
I keep trying to delegate work to my staff, but they either do it so poorly that it’s easier to do it myself or they ask so many questions that I can’t get anything else done anyway. How can I stop this from happening?
–Overwhelmed by Workload in Washington D.C.
Build Your Delegation Skills to Avoid Delegation Traps
It’s easy to fall into what I like to call delegation traps. You may think you’re handing off work with clear instructions, but it’s easy to miscommunicate. Remember, not all delegation is effective delegation. Part of building your delegation skills is learning how to give clear, concise instructions that set your team members up for success.
Not sure if you need to work on your delegation skills? Check out these common delegation traps and see if you’re falling into them.
The Most Common Delegation Traps
Failure to define the project in terms of the SMART goal.
- The problem – Instructions given are inadequate to complete the project and will likely result in lost time and energy as the project is fixed along the way. This leads to frustration for both parties. It’s not patronizing to lay out the instructions clearly and if they aren’t clear, it should be no surprise when the team member has additional questions. A negative response from the delegator, in this case, is both demoralizing and unproductive for the team.
- The fix – Lay out the requirements for the project in a SMART goal format. Follow up with the specifics on responsibilities, levels of authority, reporting and monitoring requirements. Engage the team member in the process and follow through.
Only the dirty jobs get delegated.
- The problem – You only delegate tedious jobs which are low visibility or just plain boring. The team member may get the impression you perceive these tasks as below you, leading to low morale.
- The fix – Show the team you are not above any work by completing some of your own tedious tasks. For those delegated, explain the value of each task and recognize although it may not bring a Disney theme park ride to mind, it’s important. This will make the task more palatable for the team member. Effective delegation skills also include recognizing a job well done, team members are more likely to pitch in willingly when they perceive value to them.
- The problem – A critical, high visibility project just came up and you need to delegate. Your top team member is best for the job (this, and many others) and you shuffle their pet project to someone else. In fact, you are always shuffling tasks around; this is damaging the attitude and productivity of your best team members.
- The fix – Stop doing this! (Just kidding.) Make sure you establish open communication with your employees, encouraging them to bring conflicting priorities to your attention without retribution. When working as an acting Controller in a manufacturing company, I had a very good and hard-working team member who would always get the job done. I wasn’t always aware of what was on her list of priorities, so whenever I assigned or delegated a new project to her, she would simply ask what tasks on her list could get a new priority. I accepted her process and we worked together to refine priorities and shift tasks.
Too little delegation.
- The problem – You do not know what to delegate or maybe how to delegate effectively, so you keep doing tasks yourself that really should be delegated. Practical delegation skills are good for many reasons: the growth of your team, freeing up your time to help the business grow and increasing effectiveness and efficiency of the team by finding the best person for each project.
- The fix – Make delegation an acceptable management objective by encouraging delegation at all levels of the organization. Train everyone on best practices to develop a set of strong delegation skills in each team member. Enable teams to focus on the higher priorities with regular communication of those priorities.
Lack of consistent policies, procedures, and training.
- The problem – Only one person knows how to do it – whatever “it” is. Delegating is hard, even in a growth mode, if you need to start from scratch on the process each time. Up until now, all of the information related to delegation was for a specific outcome such as a project or a report. While several of the traps apply in this scenario, there is a more basic issue in the day-to-day delegation which must be addressed: How can someone step in for your Controller while she takes a vacation if there are no policies to follow? How can you shift work from your accounts payable clerk when you need her on a short project if there are no procedures for his job, nor anyone trained to do it?
- The fix – Effective delegation skills rely on cultivating flexibility in your team culture as well as following good delegation processes. Cross-train your team members. Setting policies to allow distributed decision making will benefit the entire team. In the company I ran, the dispatcher had the opportunity to collect past due rents before sending service. We defined what her operating perimeters (delegation) for settling accounts was and I was involved if the customer would not comply. It eliminated a bottleneck and increased cash flow. Document procedures to assure consistent job performance, accountability and cross training is beneficial for all jobs.
- The problem – Team members think they can use delegation to abdicate responsibility for various policies, procedures, projects etc. Or, you may be pursuing a big customer and lose track of the day-to-day tasks. Well-trained team members will operate efficiently and, in most cases, get the job completed. But, it’s important to remember, you can’t delegate accountability.
- The fix – Team members need to keep you informed whether you like it or not. Your team needs to know you require active approval of the biggest projects, significant changes in policies (those which change a risk scenario), watch financial and operational metrics and schedule regular status meetings to keep a pulse on the business.
Remember, effective delegation skills are a useful tool to strengthen any team. Building on existing skills and helping develop new ones is the key. Delegation works best in an environment of open communication where team members can give feedback, ask questions and contribute to the final results. When delegating, remember it is a learning experience and takes practice to implement.
If you happen to fall into any of the traps, you aren’t alone. Tomorrow is a new day and the perfect time to use these tips to improve your delegation skills and foster a better, more productive work environment.